The Comparative Advantage of Green Bean Crop in Egypt
Keywords:Haitham Bayoumy Ali Hassan, Department of Agricultural Economics, National Research Centre, Dokki, 12622, Giza, Egypt
The crop of green beans is one of the most important non-traditional crops, as well as promising export crops that can contribute to achieving the objectives of the Egyptian agricultural policy in terms of global demand and the possibility of growing throughout the year on the one hand in the three winter, summer and Nile lions and the possibility of planting them in the new lands and planting them under tunnels Glass. The study aimed to study the production and export conditions of the Egyptian green beans and study the external demand functions by estimating the substitution elasticity model for exports of Egyptian green beans in the most important international markets for Egypt and identifying the most important international markets for Egypt in these markets. The results of the study showed the estimation of external demand functions using the substitution elasticity model for exports of Egyptian green beans to the most important international markets: the Italian market, the UK market and the Dutch market, and the identification of the most competitive markets for Egypt in these markets. The Italian market has shown that Spain is the biggest competitor to the Italian market, second place is Germany, third is Senegal, and Ethiopia is fourth. The 10% increase in exports will lead to a decrease in the quantity exported by 18.34%, 18.58%, 142.71 The relationship between Egypt's exports and the exports of Spain and Germany is complementary, while the current relationship between Egypt's exports and the exports of Senegal and Ethiopia, and flexibility is greater than the correct one, which is flexible in all countries competing with Egypt in this market. In the UK market, Kenya is Egypt's biggest competitor, followed by Guatemala, Zambia (4th), the 10% increase in export prices (3.91%, 23.36%, 35.16% and 42.95%, respectively. It was found that the relationship between the exports of Egypt and Kenya, Zimbabwe and Zambia is related, whereas the relationship between Egypt's exports and exports is complementary, and the elasticity is less than the correct one in Kenya. Greater than the correct one in each of the Guatemalans Zimbabwe and Zambia any request is flexible. In the Netherlands market, Spain is the largest competitor of Egypt in the Netherlands market. Germany ranks second, Kenya ranks fourth and Morocco is the fourth largest exporter. The 10% increase in the export price will lead to a decrease of 1.57% The relationship between Egypt's exports and exports of Germany, Kenya and Morocco is the current one. The relationship between Egypt's exports and Spain's exports is complementary, and flexibility is less than the correct one. Countries compete with the bankers of this market. In the light of the findings, the research recommends the following: The need to expand the cultivation of green beans in the new territories and under glass spending to increase domestic production and the quantity of exports, especially as high prices compared to different vegetable crops. The need for early planting to take into account the season of global demand, especially that Egyptian green beans can be grown in winter, summer and Nile lattices.
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